A high-quality history education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past. Teaching should equip pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.

In Key Stage One, pupils will be taught about:

  • changes within living memory – where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life.

  • events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally e.g. the Great Fire of London.

  • the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements

  • significant figures and compare aspects of their life with another e.g. Queen Victoria and Elizabeth II.

  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

In Key Stage 2, pupils will be taught about:

  • changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

  • the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain.

  • the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor.

  • a local history study.

  • a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066.

  • the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer, The Indus Valley, Ancient Egypt, The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China

  • Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world.

  • a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.